Monday, May 3, 2021

Part - II | CITIZENSHIP | ARTICLE 5 TO 11 | Constitution of India | Indian Polity Notes for UPSC

Meaning of Citizenship

Part-II of the Indian Constitution, from Article 5 to 11, deals with the Citizenship. Citizenship governs the relationship between the states and its citizens while defining their rights and obligations. A citizen is a person who enjoys full membership of the political community or state in which he/she ordinarily resides.

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Sunday, April 25, 2021

Part I - Union and Its Territory | Article 1 to 4 | Constitution of India | Polity Notes for UPSC

 INTRODUCTION

  • Part-I, that is from Article-1 to Article-4, consists of laws pertaining to the constitution of India as a country and the union of states that it is made up of.
  • This part contains laws regarding the establishment, renaming, merging or altering border of states.

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Thursday, April 22, 2021

Preamble of the Constitution of India | Polity Notes for UPSC

THE PREAMBLE

"We, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

    JUSTICE, Social, Economic and Political;

    LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;

    EQUALITY of status and of opportunity, and to promote among them all;

    FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of individual and the unity and integrity of Nation;

    IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION."

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Parliamentary form of Government in India | Polity Notes for UPSC

Introduction to Parliamentary form of Government

  •  India has a parliamentary form of government in which party/coalition with the greatest representation in the lower-house/lok-sabha forms the government.
  • Leader of the party/coalition with greatest representation becomes Prime-minister.
  • All the members of of this party, including Prime-minister, must be member of parliament.
  • Parliament is central to the system as it regulates and controls the function of executives, that is government.
  • Parliament holds the power to dismiss executives.
  • There is a peculiar feature of parliamentary system. It has 2 heads, that is Nominal/de-jure and Real/de-facto.
  • Nominal Head appoints Real executives.
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